The 1795 “9 Leaves” Capped Bust Eagle is a very popular variety within the first year of issue for the $10 denomination. The variety is quickly identified by the number of leaves on the palm branch appearing on the reverse of the coin. More commonly, the branch is found with 13 leaves.
The variety was once called the “rarest of all eagles” with fewer than a dozen pieces believed to exist, however more examples have been discovered in recent times to correct that statement.
It is now estimated, per Bass-Dannreuther, that the original mintage was between 210 and 500 coins, with perhaps 20 still in existence in all grades. The reason for its creation is unknown, but the reverse die was only used for this variety, indicating that it most likely failed during its use.
A few uncirculated examples exist, but the majority of surviving specimens are circulated and heavily marked. An example graded PCGS AU-58 sold for $184,000 in 2005.